Fungal infection of the scalp - a very common phenomenon. Most often it occurs during the cold time of the year due to lower immunity in the body activated when saprophytes - conditionally pathogenic fungi, which are "permanent residents" of the skin. Contributing factors to the fungal infection, in addition to reducing the body's defenses, they are also hormonal disorders, endocrine disorders, scalp damage. Infected with fungus can be in public places, bars, using combs, towels and other items of a sick person.
When an antifungal shampoo can be useful?
The most common fungal infections of the scalp - a seborrhea, trihofitia , athlete, colorful lichen, crusted ringworm. The main symptoms of virtually all of these diseases are:
- dryness and itching of the scalp;
- the appearance of crusts head;
- fragility, hair loss.
The treatment of fungal infections, depending on the type and severity of the disease may involve the use of drugs, both local and systemic effects. In most cases, treatment is not started can restrict the use of special anti-fungal shampoos that quickly allow to get rid of dandruff and other unpleasant symptoms.
The composition of antifungal shampoos for hair
Treatment with anti-fungal shampoos contain the effect of the active ingredients that stop the process of reproduction of pathogenic microflora, and prevents it from entering into the deeper layers of the skin. Consider what materials can form the basis of antifungal shampoos.
On the basis of this material produces a variety of antifungal shampoos. It is a synthetic antifungal agent wide spectrum of action, which is active against dermatophytes, eumitsetov, dimorphic fungi and yeast. Penetrating into the fungal cells, it causes inhibition of the synthesis of compounds of processes that are the basis of their membranes, leading to irreversible changes and death of the fungus.
Shampoos with this antifungal agent is also quite common. Ciclopirox olamine fungicidal effect more potent than ketoconazole, it is active against all species of pathogenic fungi. In addition, the therapeutic component in the shampoo composition has anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effect.
The substance with fungicidal effect, which is often administered in shampoos and other local means of dandruff. It has a fairly broad spectrum of activity, is harmless to human health.
Complex compound, which was one of the first massively used in shampoos to treat dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Furthermore, zinc pyrithione has antiproliferative properties inhibiting proliferation of epithelial cells and eliminating peeling.
The properties of this substance are similar to the previous component. Shampoos with sulfide settlement effectively eliminate the symptoms of a fungal infection affecting the underlying cause.
Popular antifungal shampoos
- Nizoral (Belgium) - one of the most recommended antifungal shampoos based.
- Mikozoral (Russia) - the antifungal shampoo is also made on the basis of ketoconazole, different from the previous list of auxiliary components and lower cost.
- Sebiproks (Ireland) - therapeutic shampoo based on ciclopirox olamine, which, in addition to the antifungal effect, provides a comprehensive hair care.
- Qing (Russia) - an antifungal shampoo with zinc pyrithione, which provides quick and effective results.