Restless legs syndrome - Treatment
Restless legs syndrome - a neurological disease, which manifests itself uncomfortable sensations in the legs at rest. These feelings are so unpleasant that compel a person to perform constant motion feet at night and cause insomnia .
According to polls this disorder occurs in 10% of the population, the percentage increases with age, the most affected group - people of retirement age, women are almost three times more often.
The causes of restless legs syndrome
The occurrence of restless legs syndrome has certain reasons. The first mention of the disease dates back to the 17th century, and over the years, researchers have identified the main causative factors. These include:
- Low levels of iron in the body;
- Parkinson's disease;
- renal failure, accompanied by uremia;
- thyroid disease;
- autoimmune diseases;
- Restless legs syndrome in pregnancy.
The above reasons are of secondary RLS, that is, it arises as a result of another disease or condition. The secondary form is more common in people older than 45 years. But there is also the primary (idiopathic) restless leg syndrome. This version is more common in young age after 20 years, and not least in its appearance give the hereditary factors.
Symptoms of restless legs syndrome
The classic symptoms of restless leg syndrome include complaints of discomfort at rest. They appear most often in the evening and are manifested by itching, stiffness, bulging, pressure, "goose bumps", pricking sensations in the legs and sometimes pain, often below the knees. There are nocturnal cramps . In half the cases the symptoms manifest themselves differently in the legs - on localization and severity, and can be one-sided.
At the same time one feels the urgent need to make some movement feet - bend, straighten, massage, rub, shake, stand or like. After making such movements symptoms subside for a short time. Since they occur more frequently at night, it significantly complicates the process of falling asleep and waking up leads to permanent night. As a result of the disease, also known as Rahat Lukum syndrome, people not getting enough sleep and suffer from daytime sleepiness and deterioration of concentration.
Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome
To determine how to treat restless legs syndrome, the doctor will suggest the patient undergo a series of examinations. Medical history, neurological tests and studies allow us to determine the primary or secondary nature of the flow of RLS, which sets the direction of treatment. One of these studies is the polysomnography. This is a procedure during which the patient is sleeping one night in a private room, and special equipment removes on video and EEG recording on 4 channels.
In determining the nature of the flow of secondary RLS main
With both types of RLS ill person is recommended to increase the level of daily physical activity, walks in the air before going to bed and take a contrast shower. diet is also recommended with the exception of exciting products - coffee, cocoa, chocolate, tea and alcohol. It is necessary to give up smoking.
Primary treatment of restless legs syndrome in some cases and involves the use of medical devices. The doctor begins with the appointment of herbal sedatives. chemical sedative drugs prescribed for persistent sleep disorders.