Removal of wisdom teeth
An adult grows 32 permanent tooth. This process begins at the age of six to 15 years and every teenager can count 28 teeth in the mouth. And where are the other four? These teeth, known as "eight" or "the wisdom teeth" cut through strictly individual usually not before 18 years. The process of the eruption of the tooth can last for years and be quite painful, so the removal of wisdom teeth is not uncommon.
Proper official name of these teeth - third molars (posterior teeth) or eighth teeth. If we assume that the center of each jaw to the right or to the left, so the tooth will be the eighth and last. "Wise" as they are called in the common people because of the late eruption. It is believed that 18 years of age or older person has a certain share of wisdom.Why do we have so many teeth?
Our distant ancestors had to get food on the hunt, and in the hard struggle for survival. Chew half-baked, poorly processed meat is a heavy load for the masticatory apparatus. Twelve posterior quite well with this task. But, in the course of evolution, people have found ways to produce food in an easier way. In our time enough to go to the store. Therefore, a number of teeth, chewing function performing, became redundant.Do I need to remove?
For many people, they simply do not erupt from the gums, so tooth called impacted. In this case the tooth can be in the wrong position in the gums, for example horizontally, carrying pressure on the adjacent teeth, causing various inflammatory processes. Removal of impacted wisdom tooth in such a case, it is a necessity.
More likely to be impacted lower third molars. If the space for the eruption of the tooth is not enough or there is a wrong position in his gums, removal of lower wisdom tooth is a more humane way out than the regular treatment of inflammation and pain patience. Often, the teeth on both sides are in the same or a similar position, and pain increases twice. In this case, the doctor may recommend the removal of wisdom teeth under general anesthesia. It is a modern and safe procedure that guarantees a minimum of discomfort.
Wisdom teeth on the upper jaw more often poluretenirovannymi. That is not completely cut through. This happens because the human jaw, decreased in size and can accommodate large teeth as a result of past use of soft food. Removal of the upper wisdom teeth often do not require anesthesia and is performed under local anesthesia.What to expect after the removal?
If the removal of the tooth itself is painless due to anesthesia complications after the removal of wisdom teeth can cause a lot of discomfort. What are the most common complications:
- The pain and swelling after the removal of wisdom tooth. It may seem that hurts neighboring tooth, throat or jaw all. What cheek and the gum around the tooth extraction was swollen to epic proportions. Temporary pain and swelling after tooth extraction is normal, because the removal of wisdom teeth is a traumatic procedure. Take a pain reliever in this case will be the right decision.
- Dry hole after the removal of wisdom teeth. If pain and swelling persist or intensify, consult a doctor immediately! It may be that the blood clot is necessary to replace the empty wells of the bone tissue is not formed. In this case, the doctor creates a new cluster and assigns anti-inflammatory treatment.
Removal of wisdom teeth difficult and unpleasant procedure, but it avoids many of the more vexing problems.