Gingivitis - Symptoms

Gingivitis - Symptoms

Gingivitis - an inflammation of the gum tissue, characterized by the growth of bacteria in the mucosa. Most often, it exposed children and adolescents.

To distinguish these forms of gingivitis:

  • catarrhal;
  • acute catarrhal;
  • chronic hypertrophic;
  • necrotizing ulcerative;
  • atrophic.

Symptoms of gingivitis

Catarrhal gingivitis:

  • itching and tingling in the gums;
  • bad breath;
  • loss of taste sensitivity;
  • bleeding gums;
  • pain when chewing;
  • general weakness;
  • fever;
  • saliva staining pink.

Acute catarrhal gingivitis:

  • redness of the gums near the teeth;
  • soft plaque, which is sometimes painted in pink or green;
  • swelling of the gums;
  • small erosion of the mucous tissue;
  • bleeding;
  • thickening of gums.

Acute catarrhal gingivitis and its symptoms occur mainly in children during teething or age change.

Chronic hypertrophic gingivitis:

  • overgrowth of gum;
  • increase in the size and swelling of the gums papillae;
  • itching;
  • bleeding;
  • pain during eating and tooth brushing;
  • sharp halitosis;
  • the formation of gingival pockets with purulent contents;
  • soft patina with pigmentation.

Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis:

  • pain and itching in the gums;
  • mucous tissue swelling around the teeth;
  • blue gingival margins;
  • bleeding gums;
  • dark green or gray plaque on the gums and tongue;
  • the viscosity of saliva;
  • putrid breath;
  • lack of appetite.

Atrophic gingivitis:

  • atrophy of the gingival tissues;
  • exposure of the cervix of the tooth;
  • Seal the edges of the gums;
  • a slight change in the color of the gums darker.

reasons gingivitis

Causes of gingivitis may include:

  1. Eruption and change of teeth in children.
  2. Chronic diseases of the endocrine system.
  3. Violations of immunity.
  4. Complicated infections.
  5. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  6. The presence of tumor formation in the body.
  7. Hormonal disorders.
  8. Insufficient or improper oral hygiene.
  9. tartar formation.
  10. Violations of tooth integrity.
  11. jaw injury.
  12. Lack of vitamin B and C.
  13. Alcoholism.
  14. Smoking.
  15. fluid deficiency in the body.
  16. Lack of calcium in the diet.

Treatment of gingivitis

Antibiotics for gingivitis are the primary means of stopping the inflammation and destruction of pathogenic bacteria. They perform the following functions in the program of treatment:

  • reducing pain;
  • anti-inflammatory effect;
  • antibacterial effect;
  • antiseptic effect;
  • the prevention of disease recurrence.

Folk remedies for the treatment of gingivitis

Our grandmothers were advised to flee from gingivitis following methods:

1. Rinse your mouth with warm water and baking soda.

2. In the morning and evening, lubricate the site of inflammation natural honey.

3. Treat the mouth propolis tincture.

4. Rinse your mouth herbal decoctions:

  • chamomile;
  • St. John's wort;
  • sage;
  • eucalyptus;
  • walnut leaves;
  • Marigold flowers;
  • sumac;
  • Golden mustache;
  • bloodroot.

5. Use to rinse fresh juice of raw potatoes.

6. Daily use blackberry fruit.

7. Rinse your mouth with yogurt and strong black tea.

Preventing gingivitis

In order to avoid becoming a victim of this disease must be maintained

Gingivitis - Symptoms
preventive measures:

  • visit the dentist at least once a year (preferably every six months);
  • brush your teeth every day, morning and evening;
  • massaging the gums with a soft brush;
  • daily after brushing flossing;
  • clean the tongue surface from plaque;
  • observe the rules of balanced and healthy diet;
  • regularly take vitamins (courses);
  • to strengthen the immune system;
  • eliminate the bad habits of lifestyle.


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