Low-carb diet for type 2 diabetes
Diabetes - a terrible disease, which is dangerous for its complications. In addition to drug therapy to the patient being prescribed a particular diet. In type 2 diabetes requires a low-carb diet, which is based on reducing calorie daily diet by eliminating foods from the menu, rich in carbohydrates fast.
Low-carb diet for type 2 diabetes - the basic principles
The base for the low-carb diet for diabetes are protein foods, and sugar , in any form, is completely eliminated. Substitutes are allowed, but no more than 25-30 grams per day.
Overeating can not categorically when such a diet. Day need to build power mode so that the breakfast accounted for a quarter of all calories at lunch - about 10%, at lunch - a third, at lunch and dinner - another third. In total, should be at least five meals a day. Before going to bed is allowed to drink a glass of kefir or unsweetened tea, eat a small apple.
Plan your menu should be in advance - for the week ahead. It is better to paint it in a special notebook, marking the size of the portions and calories. So it will be easier to navigate and to eat too much.
Daily under low-carbohydrate diet in diabetes should consume about 100 grams of protein, 70 grams of fat, most of the plant, a small amount of carbohydrates. Total caloric intake at the same time should not be more than 2300 kcal. Do not forget about the water - at least 1.5 liters per day.
Approved products with low-carb diet
In this case, patients are shown only foods with a low glycemic index, containing no sugar and carbohydrates. In addition, prepare a meal is only possible by boiling, stewing, roasting, in a double boiler. Grilled, marinated, smoked products are prohibited.
Patients with type 2 diabetes is recommended the following products: whole-grain bread or bran, lean beef, turkey, chicken, lean fish, milk and dairy products with reduced fat content, boiled chicken and quail eggs , mushrooms, seafood, lentils, beans, vegetables ( except avocado), not very sweet fruits (mostly apples, citrus fruit, kiwi fruit), vegetable oil, tea and coffee without sugar. Fruit juices can be drunk only strongly diluted. The use of cereals other than rice, and pasta is allowed only in very limited quantities.