Ketogenic diet, despite the exotic name, is very popular and has many faces - we know it as a carbohydrate-free diet, the Kremlin diet and many other similar species. The process when the body uses for energy not carbohydrates and their own fat reserves, called ketosis - it is from this word and the name of that diet.
Ketogenic diet: Hazard
It is not difficult to guess that eliminating carbohydrates from the diet, we bring imbalances in your diet, and the body suffers is very painful. Often, on the second day of the diet decreased mental and physical activity, a person feels bad - is a consequence of increase of ketone bodies in the blood due to excess protein. However, in most cases, already on the 3-5 th day of the diet, if you still continue it without departing from the course, the level of ketone bodies returned to normal, the body becomes accustomed to the new type of the operation, and returns to the normal state of health indicators.
It is worth noting that if you suffer from diabetes, ketone bodies in the blood can cause a rise in blood acidity, which in some cases can even lead to death, as the excessive synthesis of ketone bodies causes ketoacidosis (this is the name of this state).
However, if you do not have diabetes, especially in severe forms, your body has no problem to return to normal ketone bodies do without negative consequences. It is worth paying attention to the fact that this diet is contraindicated in:
- people with diseases of the digestive system;
- people suffering from bowel diseases;
- people suffering from diabetes;
- people with kidney problems;
- people who are engaged in creative work or intellectual activities.
In addition, if you have any problems with internal organs, practicing such a diet is not necessary. It is designed primarily for healthy people and athletes who need to lose fat without losing muscle mass.
Ketogenic diet: diet
It is proved that the principle of keto starts already when you eat per day less than 50g of carbohydrates. Of course, to adhere to this principle, it is possible to eliminate carbohydrates or simply the maximum, or get an electronic food diary, which will calculate the rate of your diet.
For as long as you practice ketogenic diet, your intestines will experience difficulties due to a lack of fiber. That is why it is important to buy from a pharmacy pure fiber and add it to your meals 2-4 tablespoons per day.
In addition, it is important not to forget that your kidneys are working at the limit, and that little to alleviate their plight, it is important to drink 2-2.5 liters of water per day. This is a strict rule, and expectoration of it will be bad for your health. Menu ketogenic diet consists exclusively of foods rich in proteins:
- pork, beef, veal, lamb, rabbit, venison;
- chicken, duck, turkey;
- all kinds of fish - especially fatty: chum, salmon, trout;
- chicken and quail eggs;
- all kinds of nuts - walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, pistachios, pine, etc .;
- dairy products without dyes, flavorings, additives and sugar fruit - yogurt, cottage cheese, milk, sour cream.
On the day you need to eat 3-5 small meals. If you count calories, you need to reduce your intake by 300-500 units from the norm. Supplement your diet with small portions of lettuce and non-starchy vegetables.
For a couple of weeks on this diet, you can get rid of 3-7 kg of excess weight, and at the same time you will not feel hunger, as in the majority of other diets.